Air Travel should be restricted because it causes pollution IELTS Essay
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Some people believe that air travel should be restricted because it causes serious pollution and uses up the world’s fuel resources.
To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
Model Answer 1
Air travel has become highly popular and it can be easily understood if we only look at the upcoming and departed number of flights in busy aviation. Since air travel saves a great deal of time, most business persons today chose air travel prior to any other route. Traveling through the air has many advantages as well as many disadvantages. In my opinion, important air travel should not be restricted but when air travel becomes a means of luxury then it must be restricted.
At first, no other route can take a business person so fast that an air transport can and people, especially opulent business executives use this route to reach the destination fast. Then, traveling to a far destination or a distant country, an air transportation system is a must. For instance, traveling from India to the USA is quite impossible through road, ship, or in any other vehicle and people in these cases have no alternative than to use an airway.
But nowadays it has become a fashion for people to use airways even for a very short distance. Air transportation systems are using a large portion of the world’s reserve fuel and affecting the environment by polluting it. So restriction should be applied in these cases. For example: if a destination takes only 2-4 hours on road then the idea of traveling through air is pointless and highly extravagant. A government should apply strict rules so that an aviation company can distinguish a true business executive and a tourist and give the business person the option to travel through the air and encourage the tourist to take an alternative route.
Model Answer 2
The impact of air travel on the environment has been the topic of continuous debate in recent years, following the concern that more and more people refer to it as a convenient means of travel. I feel that restrictions should be imposed on air travel.
The first undeniable factor is that aircraft accounts for a large proportion of air pollution. Planes, either idling or taxiing, contribute a large part of local emissions annually. There are some suggestions that air travel is one of the most suitable modes of transport for long-distance trips. This idea is, however, fallacious. Trains, for instance, can also serve as an optimal alternative, consuming less energy and causing less contamination. So it is highly recommended, that the government imposes restrictions for inter-country travel.
Along with air pollution, aircraft can cause noise pollution. Although it is impossible to precisely measure the actual impact of noise on people’s everyday lives, its ability to increase anxiety and disturbance levels has been confirmed. Especially to those living in the neighborhood of an airport and around the flight paths, noise problems created by aircraft are a headache.
However, the air is indeed the only fastest means of transport to fly across countries. So it should be operated in such a way that its strengths can be taken maximum advantage of. For instance, by replacing old engines with cleaner ones, people can mitigate the negative effect caused by flying.
In light of those facts discussed above, substantial consideration should be given to pollution caused by aircraft. Air travel should be preferred only when there are no other means of transport available.
Model Answer 3
It is irrefutable that air travel causes pollution and uses a lot of fuel, but I disagree that air travel should be restricted. Restricting air travel would solve some problems but would lead to many other problems.
At a time when people all over the world worry about the decreasing level of fossil fuels and global warming, it is right to take action to save the planet earth. However, to simply discourage flights is not the answer. International tourism has become the backbone of many economies of the world. Many countries are earning from tourism. Many people are employed in this industry. Many businesses like hotels and leisure centers are dependent on tourists. So, if we discourage international tourism, it would create new and even worse
problems. Many businesses would go broke and many people would be without jobs.
Air flight also enables intercultural exchanges between countries. The advent of cheap airfare makes it possible for people the world over to travel regularly, regardless of the purpose of the trip. Therefore, people have the opportunities to learn from different cultures and have a better understanding of countries they used to be unfamiliar with. This, in turn, enhances cultural communications between countries.
It is true that air travel consumes oil, but other modes of transportation are also causing pollution and using fuel. Discouraging private cars and encouraging people to use public transport could help save environmental resources in a big way. Therefore it would be a
very unpractical decision to restrict air travel at the cost of people’s mobility, or worse, at the cost of the development of the economy. The technology could also be used to produce more environmentally friendly and fuel-efficient engines.
To put it in a nutshell, I pen down saying that, instead of restricting air travel, we should develop a more efficient engine that produces more energy output with less fuel and fewer major air pollutants. We should also focus on limiting private vehicles and encouraging
Model Answer 4
With the growth in aviation, the majority of people are more likely to travel abroad to spend their leisure time on special occasions. One of the most tangible influences of this phenomenon is the exponential increase of thousand airlines which provide low-cost carrier, and it is argued as the trigger of environmental catastrophes on a global scale such as air pollution and lack of fossil fuel. As a result, critics claim that air travel should be controlled to preserve the natural ecology. While it is believed that air travel provides more benefits in terms of time-consuming and reasonable prices, people also have to consider the negative side of this transportation.
Supporters of the aircraft deliberate that airplanes are by far the fastest mode of transport which connects all of the parts of the world by hours. Before the invention of aviation, people used ships to travel for trading and traveling in other countries, but it took more than a month to reach a destination. In the 20th century, when airplanes have been invented, many counties choose this means of transport to export food such as vegetables and fruits to places where they are not in season or cannot be grown. For pragmatic instance, New Zealand exports fresh milk and apples to developing countries, Africa and India, using airplanes only around 12 hours. Consequently, some food could be exported faster and would not deteriorate in the worldwide distribution.
In addition, the availability of cheap air travel allows many holidaymakers to visit abroad for vacations over the last decades. According to a survey published in Times magazine the proportion of travelers who prefer traveling to other countries increases to around 70% in 2014, and it goes hand in hand with an increase of annual income of low-cost airlines which is more than 35% compared to the previous year. Air travel leads people to get the novelty of other challenging vacations.
On the other hand, the detrimental effects of this development are the impact on the environment. Firstly, a study records that there are more than a hundred international and domestic flights that require more than a thousand liters of fuel every day. As time passed by, the natural environment is absorbed to produce more fuel while there is prevention to limit this activity. In the linear relationship of this condition, burning of fossil fuel in terms of oil will add significantly to this problem as just one flight releases large amounts of carbon dioxide and other gases into the environment and damages the layers of ozone. It can be concluded that the development of aviation contributes the biggest contribution to climate change as a global problem.
In conclusion, the development of air travel in recent years has its own merits and demerits for the environment. At a glance, air travel benefits people to commute between different regions sooner whereas people are blamed for environmental influences which are more important issues so that the restriction should be implemented to reduce damages. From my perspective, using air travel for traveling should be controlled, and green taxes should be increased to control low-cost airline companies as a novel solution.
Model Answer 5
A few individuals opine that to curb increased air pollution and excessive fuel usage air travel should be limited. I completely disagree with this statement because firstly, it is a more comfortable and fast means of transport and secondly, strict guidelines are followed.
There is no denying this conviction that air travel is the most comfortable and fast means of transport. Air travels offer a wide range of facilities, which are comfortable for people when they need to travel large distances. Moreover, this helps people to reach their destinations at a fast pace, due to which a lot of time is saved. Limited connectivity of airplanes will increase problems for passengers and will add a burden on them. Air travel has helped the world to connect in the best possible way. A recent survey in France depicted that the people prefer air travel as major means of transport in comparison to other means of transport because of comfort and less travel time.
Moreover, in this modern era, due to the advancements in technology, a lot of preventive measures and strict guidelines are followed to minimize the damage done to the environment. Proper training is conducted for pilots to enable them to not only reduce fuel consumption but also maintain the safety of the aircraft. Furthermore, new technologies that are used in aircraft are invented keeping the environment in mind. As a result, a lot of these technologies have contributed to reducing pollution levels. For example, a recent invention of a new type of emitter has drastically reduced pollution done by aircraft.
To summarize, air travel should not be restricted as it is a convenient mode of transport, and the aircraft industry is continuously taking preventive measures to reduce environmental damage.
Model Answer 6
With the accelerating pace of lifestyle, traveling by air has become a favorable option for people to move from one place to another. However, some people blame the exhaustion of some natural resources and air pollution on this kind of transportation. This essay aims to outline evidence that supports the opposing position.
Apparently, there is little doubt about the constructive benefits that humankind derives from air travel. Firstly, traveling by plane would be more affordable and time-saving when it comes to long-haul distance trips. It means that in some cases, traveling by other transportation may cost people a higher expenditure of time as well as money. From another perspective, the possibility remains that other means would consume a greater amount of natural resources and release more pollutants into the environment. Therefore, it probably merits one’s attention that whenever humanity still relies on natural resources, the emergence of environmental degradation is inevitable regardless of any transportation that is in vogue.
Moreover, the advent of modern technology has promised a distant future that could make air travel more environmentally friendly. For instance, alternative resources may release air travel from the reliance on natural reserves, which is a contributing factor to the imminent demise of some resources. Besides, technological advances in the aircraft industry have brought profound impacts that lead to the saving in fuel. It is, therefore, reasonable to look forward to more contemporary inventions that would allow people to make optimal use of air travel as well as prevent destructive outcomes of this means.
By way of conclusion, I would reaffirm the position that air travel contributes an integral role in modern lifestyles. Therefore, there are compelling reasons to direct spending on improving air travel to be more eco-friendly rather than impose constraints on this transportation.