IELTS Writing Task 1 – Mixed Chart – The changes in the UK industry steel between 1970 and 2000
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The graphs show the changes in the UK industry steel between 1970 and 2000. (million tonnes vs thousand). Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
You should write at least 150 words.
Model Answer 1 :
The charts below provide a visual summary of the job prospect and supply-demand of the United Kingdom’s steel manufacturing industry between 1970 and 2000.
Overall, it can be seen that the demand and production of steel in the UK were much higher at the start of the period than they were at the end. On the contrary, the trend for steel import started low and gradually increased.
Firstly, in 1970, both demand and production were particularly high, sitting at 200,000 and roughly 160,000 respectively. For the next 20 years, production had decreased to a level of approximately 90,000 before declining slightly to around 80,000. During that same period, demand also fell to 100,000. Steel import began at nearly zero; however, by the 1990’s, it had been up to 50,000, finally ending at just under 70,000.
Turning into the second chart, employment in the steel industry was at 50,000 in 1970. However, this quickly began to decrease. By 1980, this figure had been down to 40,000, and ten years later it was halved. At the end of the period, the employment rate was all the way down to roughly 16,000.
Model Answer 2 :
The line graph compares the changes in the total demand for steel in the UK, its production and imports from 1970 to 2000, while the second graph shows the employment figures in this industry during the same period .
Overall, while the demand for steel and the production of steel in the UK both decreased, steel imports increased. In addition, there were fewer people working in this industry over the 30year period.
In 1970, the total demand for steel in the UK was around 200,000, which was nearly ten times as high as the amount of steel it imported. Over the following three decades, both the demand and production of steel decreased by approximately 50%, while the amount of steel imported rose from approximately 10,000 to 75,000.
The number of people employed in the steel industry stood at 50000 in 1970 when the demand for steel in the UK was high and the amount of steel imported was low. Over the following years, the employment figures in the steel industry continued to decline to around 18,000 in the year 2000.