Economic Growth is the only way to End Hunger IELTS Essay
Some people say that economic growth is the only way to end hunger and poverty, while others say that economic growth is damaging the environment so it should be stopped. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. You should write at least 250 words.
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Economic Growth is the only way to End Hunger
Sample Answer 1
Many people believe economic development is the only solution to end hunger and poverty, while others think that economic growth should be stopped due to the harmful eﬀects it has on the environment. In this essay, I will examine both arguments and then give my personal opinion.
It is true that economic growth has taken a heavy toll on the environment. Firstly, the ever increasing demand for industrial development has led to the construction of more factories and manufacturing facilities, which has significantly raised the volume of atmospheric greenhouse gases, which are considered to be the main culprit behind global warming. Furthermore, human activities, such as clearing forests for farming, are directly responsible for the loss of natural habitats for many wild plants and animals, pushing these species to the verge of extinction. This, together with the unsustainable exploitation of natural resources, poses serious threats to the survival of mankind, especially with today’s rapidly increasing population. ielts x p r e s s
However, trying to stop the economy from developing, due to the drawbacks, is not a rational approach, for economic growth is still the most eﬀective measure to tackle poverty and hunger. A healthy economy will create more employment opportunities for those who come from underprivileged backgrounds, and thus ensure stable income for these people. Therefore, they will be able to earn enough money to cover basic living expenses. Besides this, economic growth also has a crucial role to play in the fight against hunger. With a more generous budget to invest in agricultural development, for example, governments can invest in modern machinery to automate the labour-intensive processes of growing and harvesting crops. Such a boost in productivity will increase food production and eventually put an end to hunger.
In conclusion, it is understandable why many people believe that economic growth should be stopped to protect our environment, however, I think the government should not rely on such a desperate measure because the benefits brought about by economic growth, not only in the fight against poverty and hunger, are far more significant than the drawbacks.
IELTS Essay on Economic Growth
Sample Answer 2
People are divided on the role of economic development. Some opine that it is essential in addressing poverty whereas others say that it should be stopped as it is causing irreversible damage to the environment. This essay intends to analyse both perspectives. I personally believe that both arguments have weightage as poverty has to be mitigated, but saving the environment is also equally important. So, we have to look into methods of sustainable economic development. Stopping economic development is not the way out.
It is irrefutable that by the development of economy people can improve their quality of life. For example, in developed countries even the poorest of the poor has the basic amenities of life such as food, clothing and shelter. All the citizens enjoy high level of social welfare and they enjoy free medical care and free education. Even in countries like India and China, international Companies have created many jobs and as a result, economic development has accelerated even further.
However, it is also true that in our quest for development and becoming richer, we have harmed some of our environment. Most of the things we use require some kind of energy to manufacture, operate and maintain. Disposing-off these things is very difficult too. Most of the energy that we use is polluting the environment. Renewable energy forms a very small part of what is used on a significant scale. Effluents from large factories are being dumped indiscriminately and landfill sites are filling up with non-biodegradable wastes. All this is being done in the name of progress. ielts x press
Looking at both arguments, it is clear that with economic development, the damage to the environment is inevitable. But, we cannot put a halt on economic progress because the status of the underprivileged has to be improved. Therefore, we have to look into methods by which we can achieve progress without damaging the environment. For instance, we know that there are renewable sources of energy which are less polluting. So, the answer lies in the green technologies, which increasingly use renewable resources of energy. We should also remember the three “Rs” – reduce, reuse and recycle. ln this way we can achieve an ecologically sustainable development. ln order for progress to cause minimum damage to environment, sustainability has to be worked at.
Summing up, there is no doubt that with economic development, poverty is lessened. At the same time, it is also definite that development is leading to pollution. But, instead of stopping development we can work upon environmentally friendly development.
IELTS Writing Task 2 – Economic Growth to End Poverty
Sample Answer 3
Poverty and hunger is the most pressing issue in many developing countries. In many circles, it is argued that economic growth can quell the poverty and hunger. Conversely, others want to rein economic growth back as it brings forth environmental damage. Although it is a good point against the economic growth, I personally believe that economic growth plays a paramount role in alleviating poverty and hunger and economy can be thrived without compromising the environment.
Economic growth is the key instrument for eradicating poverty and ameliorating the quality of life in poorer countries. The growth can create a virtuous circle of opportunity and prosperity. A booming economy and job opportunities inspires parents to invest in their children education by sending them to school. This may cause the emergence of a sturdy and growing group of entrepreneurs. And it goes without saying that when people are able to generate their income, then the poverty and hunger will be eclipsed by the prosperity. In the instance, many studies reveal that the sustained and rapid growth is the single most crucial approach to curb poverty. A good example here is Vietnam. Between 1993 and 2002, poverty fell by 7.8% a year, halving the poverty rate from 58% to 29%. The evidence testifies that poverty and hunger can be conquered by a strong economic growth. IELTS Xpress.com
On the other hand, economic growth may impact on environment substantially. Example include the over exploitation of fish stocks, the destruction of forest through deforestation, loss of natural habitat and bio-diversity from the construction of new roads and highways, high-rise buildings, hotels, shopping malls, and industrial zones. However, growth means more production and more consumption, which in turn contribute to the huge expansion of waste and pollution. On the top of that, the huge production uses a substantial amounts of energy, burning more fossil fuels. As a result of burning fossil fuels, the climate is got warm eventually.
In my opinion, historically nothing has work better than economic growth in qualifying societies to ameliorate the living standards of their members, including those who at the very bottom. However, the growth also harms the environment severely. To that end, economic growth should be decoupled from the environmental damage by devising eco-friendly activities and innovating green technology.
Economic Growth to end Poverty and Hunger Essay IELTS
Sample Answer 4
It is true that some people contend that economic growth is the only solution to the global problems of hunger and poverty. Others, however, argue for an end to economic growth to conserve our environment. I agree completely with this second view. ielts xpress
Those who see economic growth alone as the sole cure for the tragedy of world hunger and poverty propose one major argument. Only the growth of the economies of the developing countries will provide the poor with the wealth to afford the basic necessities of life. The profits made by corporations who are responsible for this economic growth will trickle down in the form of financial benefits to be enjoyed by the starving and needy. This view has justified the age of imperialism and the destruction of the livelihood of millions in the name of progress.
On the other hand, there are countless examples to support the opposing view that economic growth results in environmental destruction. Firstly, this is true for developing countries, where lowland rainforests have been cleared and unsustainable agricultural practices introduced to produce cash crops, often for export. Secondly, it is also true for developed economies. For example, the continued use of fossil fuels, which provide the energy for growing industrialization, causes global warming. This leads to a rise in sea levels, which will eventually make tens of millions of poor people in Bangladesh homeless.
In conclusion, the economic growth which is not sustainable, must be stopped. If it is not based on meeting human needs rather than generating profits, such growth will only create more poverty and lead to more hunger in the world by destroying natural resources.
IELTS Essay on Economic Growth to End Poverty
Sample Answer 5
Some people say that economic growth can eradicate poverty. Others opine that economic development causes environmental damage and hence it should be discouraged. In my opinion, environmental protection is of paramount importance and hence economic growth should be restricted.
A good reason to stop economic growth is to protect the environment from getting polluted by its harmful by-products. In other words, economic growth needs the establishment of many factories which emit obnoxious gases into the atmosphere and discharge other pollutants into the soil and water. If untreated, these by-products cause huge environmental complications. For instance, the demand for electricity rises due to high economic growth; the majority of power plants in the world use fossil fuels to produce electricity and thus cause considerable damage to the environment. IELTSXpress.com
Another critical reason to protect the environment and discourage economic growth is the lack of any substantial evidence to prove that economic growth eradicates poverty. To put it in another way, billions of people are still living under poverty even after many decades of economic development, casting doubt on the role of economic growth in removing poverty. For example, years of economic growth has made rich people richer and poor people are still struggling for the basic necessities of life. Moreover, with the advancement of technologies less manual work is required in factories and hence fewer job opportunities are available although economy is developing. Obviously, economic growth chiefly benefits the affluent and does hardly anything for the poorest sections of the society.
In conclusion, sacrificing the environment for the sake of economic development is not a wise step, especially, when it is doubtful whether economic development can eradicate poverty.
Economic Growth is the only way to End Hunger IELTS Essay
Sample Answer 6
Some people argue that the only way to eliminate poverty is making economies grow, while others claim that it damages the environment and thus should come to a stop. I agree with the former point of view because economic advancement can create free educational opportunities for the poor.
On the one hand, it can be argued that economic growth increases global warming. A bigger economy means more economic activities, such as manufacturing cars and shipping goods. These activities produce large quantities of carbon dioxide, which warms the planet. Since rising temperatures can lead to the extinction of many animal species, economic development needs to be stopped to keep the ecosystem in balance. However, I disagree with this argument because many companies are becoming more and more environmentally responsible, and are aiming to become carbon neutral in the near future. IELTS XPRESS
On the other hand, economic progress can make education free for the poor. Many people are living in poverty because they do not have any skill set valuable to employers. As an economy becomes stronger, the government will receive more tax revenue and thus will be able to allocate more money to its educational system to ensure even the poorest have the opportunity to acquire the knowledge and skills needed to find a job. I think this is the only way to end poverty because other methods, such as donations from wealthy people, can only help the poor temporarily.
In conclusion, even though economic development accelerates climate change, I do not think it should cease because it enables governments to provide free education for poor people and therefore can eradicate poverty.
IELTS Essay on Economic Growth to End Poverty
Sample Answer 7
Many parts across the world suffer pandemic poverty and hunger. The economists suggests that economic growth is the silver bullet to battle with poverty and hunger. On the other hand, the environmentalists shed light on the fatal damages of environment cause by economic growth. Both the sides have merits. However, I believe that we can boost economy while minimizing environmental damages.
To commence with, the governments in many developing countries put emphasize on some sectors, for example tourism, to eradicate poverty and hunger. Not only is tourism is seen as a key instrument for regional development, but also it embarks upon new economic activities. To do so, the government initiates developmental programme constructing several general infrastructures such as, roads and highways, airports, and so on. In addition, both the government and the private corporations make sure some essential tourism facilities like hotels, resorts, restaurants, shopping mall, golf course, marinas, and so forth. As a result, this development has tremendous positive economic impact on employment, on GDP, and on the balance of payments. Which by consequence ameliorates the living standards of marginal community by alleviating poverty and hunger. That is to say, local people can be employed in tourism enterprise, goods and services provided to the tourists. Another key point is that they may small and community-based enterprises. Eventually, they will no longer remain poor and hungry. I E L T S X P RES S
On the flip side, these developmental activities have adverse effects on environment. Tourism often poses potential threats to the natural resources of the area. It can put immense pressure on the area which in turn contributes to soil erosion, contaminating sea and river, natural habitat loss, and so on. For example, forests are likely suffered by the tourists in the form of deforestation. They collect wood for fuel. One trekking tourist in Nepal, a country is suffering the impacts of deforestation, usually uses 4 to 5 kilograms of wood a day revealed by a local survey report.
From what has been discussed above, economic growth can be deemed as double-edged sword as contributing to both the curbing poverty and hunger, and the damaging environment simultaneously. But we can reduce environmental damages caused by economic activities. What we need is to introduce well-planned Eco-friendly tourism instead of uncontrolled conventional tourism. So, I believe we can fight against poverty and hunger by boosting economic growth without damaging environment.
Economic Growth is the only way to End Poverty and Hunger
Sample Answer 8
Nowadays, a lot of us can see the reality, developed countries have less beggars and thieves whereas developing or underdeveloped countries have a bunch of them. This indicates that higher GDP, also called as economic growth, is the ultimate solution towards the reduction of poverty and helping the underprivileged people to come at par with the normal society. However, in the process of increasing the economic output the environment is destroyed as well. I believe that selecting the route to enhance the economic expansion is necessary as environmental problems can be solved in the course of pursuing economic enlargement. ieltsxpress.com
There are a number of drawbacks of pursuing extension, such as deforestation, oil mining and many more. These damages the Earth and it eventually comes back to us in the form of air pollution since the number of trees is reduced than before. Mining of crude has led us to laziness – Iran, for example, had earned plenty of money by selling oil. This brought them to be dependent on black gold, not preparing for the future, the fuel is a gift but also a double-edged sword. Furthermore, Ozone Layer is being damaged by our human activities during the routine of producing the output. Factories consistently emit harmful gases and the result is miserable, making a massive hole in the ozone layer and letting the harmful rays from the sun to interfere with the Earth’s atmosphere while causing diseases such as Skin Cancer. Lastly, the CO2 that has been produced by us had reached the limit of the Earth’s air circulating system in 2011 – in fact, it went beyond during the same year. From then on, the Earth’s temperature has been continuously going up even today. Referring to the scientists in the US, the Earth will become uninhabitable within the next 150 years since the temperatures are rising consistently.
Despite these environmental problems, economic sustainability of industrialization should be continued as a country can develop by industrialization, which will bring better technology and alternate solutions to solve ecological issues. In addition, being a developed country provides other benefits such as opportunities for better education, higher per capita income and more public places. To gain finance, industrialization is necessary. Therefore, environmental concerns can be solved as we consistently pursue economic growth. In this procedure, poverty and hunger will be settled which means we can hit two birds with a single stone. Moreover, if we suddenly stop all economic activities, mass problems, bigger than environment will emerge for instance, sudden increase of unemployment and primitive age.
In conclusion, green issues are truly enormous and the world has to strive as much as it can. However, in order to clear up the mess what humans did, finance is essential and this can be gained by funding the industries.
Also Check: The Key to Solving the Environmental Problems IELTS Essay