In the future it seems it will be more difficult to live on Earth. Some people think more money should be spent on researching other planets to live, such as Mars. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
IELTS Writing Task 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this question.
You should give reasons for your answer, and include ideas and examples from your own knowledge and experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Model Essay 1:
As humans are becoming too vulnerable on Earth, some people believe people/governments should pour more money into space research because of the quest for a new homeland. I totally agree with this view.
On the one hand, it is undeniable that the Earth is no longer able to sustain human lives. Firstly, environmental degradation is happening at a rapid speed, leading to natural resources depletion. One potent example of this is the lack/shortage/scarcity of clean water, particularly in developing countries, is becoming more severe and insurmountable to deal with. In addition, fighting the greenhouse effect, which has resulted in not only climate change but also the destruction of habitat, is becoming more arduous and expensive than ever. This is partly because of the reliance on fossil fuels: the more humans use them, the more serious pollutions they would cause.
On the other hand, space exploration has been playing a crucial part in revolutionizing mankind civilization. One reason is that it is discovering the mysteries of the universe, which is also offering humans knowledge about planet Earth. For instance, the information collected from space robes helped people explain the origin of the Earth. Another reason is that a vast number of state-ofthe-art technologies stem from space research. Satellite technology, from which satellite television and GPS devices have been invented, is one of them. Apparently, researching into other planets has produced many spin-offs for solving problems on Earth.
In conclusion, I would restate that space exploration is essential and worthy to develop because this planet is becoming too dangerous for mankind to live.
Word Count: 261 words
Model Essay 2:
It is true that, if present trends continue, it will become increasingly difficult to sustain human life on Earth. While I agree that it is vital to tackle this problem. I believe that expenditure on research for new planets to colonise should be given a low priority, and resources must be used to find other, more practical solutions.
There are two major reasons why life on Earth is becoming more and more unsustainable. One obvious problem is the uncontrolled consumption of natural resources, which are being depleted as a result. For instance, the extraction of fossil fuels, such as coal, gas and oil to satisfy growing energy demands has serious environmental impacts, and these resources will eventually run out. Another concern is the rising level of pollution worldwide, of the land, the oceans and the air that we breathe. In India, for example, thousands of tons of industrial rubbish have been released illegally into rivers, killing aquatic life and contaminating drinking water.
However, I would argue that the search for a new planet on which humans could survive is a waste of valuable resources. Firstly, a vast amount of funding would be required to finance such space exploration, with no guarantee of success. This money is needed now to improve health services globally and to provide better education for all. Secondly, financial resources should be used to develop advanced technologies that would be more environmentally- friendly and provide renew able energy. In the field of transport, to take a simple example, vehicles can now be converted to run on hydrogen or even waste cooking oil – as McDonald’s have done with their trucks.
Word Count: 296 words
Model Essay 3:
Advances in technology make the prospect to find the second Earth potentially viable. While I agree that terrestrial life has become increasingly difficult, I do not believe that we should invest money in finding a new planet to live.
On the one hand, there is no doubt that life is not as easy as it was in the past. The main problem is the growing level of environmental pollution that adversely affects humankind in all parts of the world. The rising consumption of natural resources such as gas, oil and coal has resulted in an enormous amount of carbon emissions being released into the atmosphere, which impairs the air quality and accelerates climate change. The consequences of this are grave. People in many big cities are suffering respiratory diseases; more lands are being shrunk due to the rise of sea levels; and there are frequent heat waves in tropical countries. Apparently, human life is now put in danger.
On the other hand, I would contend that spending money finding another home for all creatures on the Earth is not an effective measure. There is little hope of seeking a planet that has favorable conditions for life while the expenditure can be extremely huge. In contrast, a much better solution would be that we should invest in environmental projects and encourage people to lead a more environmentally friendly lifestyle. For example, green energy should be harnessed and made more available to replace our dependence on fossil fuels, and individuals ought to opt for public transport rather than driving their vehicles. Such actions can cut exhaust emissions and slow down the effects of global warming, making the
earth a more desirable place for us all.
In conclusion, although global warming is a global malady, it seems ludicrous to suggest that people should find another planet to settle down.